Saadabad Palace in Tehran is one of the most beautiful, largest, greenest and most attractive tourist attractions in Iran. All the capitals of the world are proud to have their royal palaces, and many tourists visit the palaces to see the royal palaces and the lifestyles of the kings of each country. Sch شnbrunn Palace, the Palace of Versailles in Paris, Buckingham Palace in London, Topkapi Palace in Istanbul and other such palaces are lush and magnificent, and of course Saadabad Palace can be equated with the green palaces of the world.
Saadabad Palace of Tehran is located at the foot of Alborz Mountain and is one of the greenest and most pleasant climate areas of Tehran, which is bounded by Darband and mountain slopes from the north, Velenjak of Tehran from the west, Tajrish from the south and Tajrish from the east. Golabdereh overlooks and the Jafarabad River passes through Saadabad Palace, which shows the flow of beautiful water in the palace. Perhaps it can be said that Saadabad Palace is similar to a park because it is the best space for walking in Tehran and it is one of the big amusement gardens and it takes hours to walk in eight hundred thousand square meters of Saadabad Palace space, ie area Saadabad Palace is 80 hectares (different numbers are incorrectly stated on different sites)
Imagine the average temperature in Saadabad Palace is about 13 degrees and you walk at an altitude between 1640 to 1810 meters above sea level, which means a high altitude difference in a palace and among about 7500 poplar and cypress trees and … some 150 you have years to live. It will definitely be a beautiful day for you and from time to time you can walk in Saadabad Palace and enjoy its unique nature to refresh your mood and change the climate.
The story of Saadabad Palace is that in the beginning it was a part of the current palace, summer and summer residence of Qajar kings and Ahmad Shahi Palace Saadabad Palace is one of the buildings of Qajar period Saadabad Palace, but at that time Saadabad Palace was so big. It was not and after the coup d’etat of 3 Esfand 1299 AD, equivalent to 1921 AD, ie about 100 years ago and the presence of Reza Shah Pahlavi in Tehran as the Minister of War, Saadabad Palace was proposed and became the residence of Reza Shah, Reza Shah in a period of 2 years until 1302 Shamsi as the Minister of War and for a period of two years until 1304 as the Prime Minister of the court of Ahmad Shah Qajar and then as the King of Iran from 1304 Shamsi to 1320 resided in Saadabad Palace in Tehran and created the atmosphere of Saadabad Palace today.
Saadabad Palace of Tehran is one of Reza Shah’s remnants such as the national railway, regular army, Mehrabad airport, civil registration certificate, University of Tehran, etc. and Reza Shah was first represented by his representative Haj Agha Reza Rafi, various pieces of gardens and mansions He bought the area and consolidated it together and finally brought it to the current 110-hectare area. , General Amanullah Mirza, Mostofi al-Mamalik, Shukrullah Qawam al-Dawlah, Hamd al-Saltanah Mostofi’s sister and Mahmoud Badr were all bought by Reza Shah and Saadabad Palace was finalized.
Reza Shah from 1300 AD onwards and according to different needs, several palaces were built in Saadabad Palace, the palaces were built one by one and each was assigned to one of the members of the Pahlavi family and was changed over time. And until 1978, when it became a large complex of Iranian palaces. Many of these palaces have now been converted into various museums due to the lack of use of the palace and the royal use, or some are at the disposal of the presidential institution for the accommodation of foreign guests and welcoming ceremonies of presidents of other countries, and a few smaller palaces. Used as office buildings.
Saadabad Palace has 18 palaces, including: 1- Ahmad Shahi Palace 2- Shahvand Palace or Green Palace 3- White Palace or Mellat Palace (Museum of Art of Nations downstairs) 4- Black or White Palace (Museum of Fine Arts) 5- Shams Palace (Museum Royal clothing) 6- Ashraf Palace (Museum of Royal Tableware) 7- Gholamreza Palace (Museum of Court Weapons) 8- Shahram Son of Ashraf Palace (Military Museum) 9-Karbas Palace or the old palace of Crown Prince Reza Pahlavi (Museum of Behzad) 10-Palace Farahnaz and Alireza Pahlavi (Mir Emad Calligraphy Museum) 11- Leila Palace and the palaces that are in the possession of the Presidential Institution and cannot be visited and used, including: -Farideh Diba Palace 16-Reza Pahlavi New Palace and also two palaces are used as administrative buildings of the palace, including: 17-Bahman Pahlavi Palace, son of Gholamreza 18-Abdolreza Palace
Apart from the royal palaces, there are many buildings and facilities in Saadabad Palace, including: 1- Imperial Guard building (Museum of Royal Albums and Documents) 2- Kitchen building (Royal Kitchen Museum) 3- Stroller and Surchian building Qajari (Omidvar Brothers Museum) 4- Commander Kasraian Mansion (water museum) 5- Esmat al-Muluk Dolatshahi House (Farshchian Museum) 6- Royal Car Museum, also in Saadabad Palace, tennis courts, swimming pools, bowling alley, Robarz Amphitheater and cinema. There are springs, poultry and livestock halls, greenhouses, springs, etc.
Currently in and in 1399, the museum museums that can be visited by the general public of Saadabad Palace in Tehran are as follows:
- Mellat Museum Palace 2- Green Museum Palace 3- Royal Clothing Museum 4- Mir Emad Calligraphy Museum 5- Master Hossein Behzad Museum 6- Court Weapons Museum 7- Royal Kitchen Museum 8- Omidvar Brothers Museum 9-Nations Art Museum 10 -Museum of Fine Arts 11-Master Farshchian Museum 12-Water Museum 13-Saadabad Royal Albums and Historical Documents Museum 14-Royal Tableware Museum 15-Royal Car Museum 16-Military Museum (currently the military museum is not open for reconstruction due to reconstruction)
- Apart from the above museums, the library of Saadabad Palace can also be used at the entrance of Darband.
- To visit Saadabad Palace, you can use two doors, Darband and Saffron. Visiting hours of Saadabad Palace in spring and summer, which are longer from 9 am to 7 pm and in autumn and winter from 9 am to 5 pm, are not closed during the week and only on the days of Tasua, Ashura, the martyrdom of Hazrat Ali, 28 zero, The martyrdom of Imam Sadegh and 14 Khordad is closed, meaning only 6 days a year, but most museums are closed on Mondays.
Important Note: The main entrance of the palace should be provided only once and it is not necessary to provide one entrance of the palace and one entrance of the main door for each palace and the entrance of the main door is only once a day.
Presidents and officials of world countries are hosted by the President at Saadabad Palace, and the highest level of Iranian government ceremonies for foreigners is at Saadabad Palace. Therefore, seeing Saadabad Palace is attractive and enjoyable, and you can visit Saadabad Palace in Tehran with Aladdin Tehran Tour, or enjoy this great palace exclusively with the exclusive tours of Aladdin Travel Agency. Read more about the palace attractions. We will introduce Saadabad. Initially, palaces that are currently unavailable include:
Ahmad Shahi Palace was built in Saadabad Palace by the order of Ahmad Shah Qajar in 1297 and was completed during the reign of Reza Shah and is located at the highest point of Saadabad Palace in Tehran, Bahman Palace, which was the residence of Bahman, son of Gholamreza Pahlavi. The private palace to the west of the Museum of Fine Arts, the Queen Mother Palace or the Presidential Palace, which housed Reza Shah before his exile to Mauritius, is now reserved for the President’s special guests.
- The Green Palace or Shahvand Palace was built in Saadabad Palace by the order of Reza Shah and in the highest part of Saadabad Palace in the northwest of the palace and near Ahmad Shahi Palace and became known as the Green Palace because of its rare green marble building. It is used and the mortar between the stones is made of lead so that the building does not break due to shrinkage and expansion due to cold and heat. Khorasan marble with European patterns and motifs was used in the construction of the entrance and entrance columns and finally the construction of the Green Palace took 7 years. The two-story palace whose architect is Mirza Jafar Kashi and the atmosphere of Reza Shah’s birthplace in Alasht, Mazandaran It evokes among the trees and green space. The green palace is on one surface floor and one basement. A 70-meter Mashhad carpet has been spread on the floor, which is a masterpiece of carpet weaving by Abdul Mohammad Amvaoghli. Plastering, mirror work, gilding and inlay work have been used in the palace. He is not a bed. The table is the hall, sculptures and sofas of the French Palace of Work. Currently, the Green Palace of Saadabad Palace in Tehran can be visited with 5,000 Tomans.
- Mellat Palace or White Palace in Saadabad Palace, which is the largest palace in the complex with 5000 square meters of infrastructure on two floors, which was built between 1310 and 1315 by Reza Shah, the map of Khorsandi and Boris Palace from Russia And masters such as Pahlavan, Sheikhan, Kashi, and Angels have left stunning plaster casts in their memory. Mellat Palace was the summer residence of Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi and this palace was used for administrative affairs. Currently, Mellat Palace, Saadabad Palace, Tehran can be visited with an entrance fee of 5,000 Tomans. The remains of a statue of Reza Shah are located in front of the Nation Palace.
- 3- The Royal Clothing Museum located in Shams Saadabad Palace was built by Reza Shah in 1314 with Iranian-European architecture on a land of 2600 meters, which is the residence of Shams Pahlavi and is now the place where the royal clothes from the Qajar to Pahlavi period are kept.
- . 4- Mir Emad Calligraphy Museum is located in Farahnaz and Alireza Pahlavi Palace. The palace building belongs to the Qajar and Pahlavi period, which was considered for the Calligraphy Museum in 1995. That is why Mir Emad Qazvini has been named a museum for the preservation of calligraphy. In this two-story Qajar-Pahlavi palace, lines from pre-Islamic and Islamic times, hobbies and manuscripts are separated. We also see Elamite, Pahlavi, Sassanid and Avestan cuneiform inscriptions. The works of Kufic calligraphy, thirds, manuscripts, taqiyyah, basil and rak’ah can be seen in the Museum of Calligraphy. Currently, the Mir Emad Calligraphy Museum of Saadabad Palace in Tehran can be visited with 4,000 Tomans.
- – The museum of Master Hossein Behzad is located in Karbas Palace or the old palace of Crown Prince Reza Pahlavi. Karbas Palace is a Qajar building that was the residence of Reza Shah for some time and for some time the residence of Reza Pahlavi, son of Mohammad Reza Shah, in 1373, the location of this palace was considered for the museum of Master Behzad. The museum is in 5 halls and hosts works such as Ivan Madain, Ferdowsi and the heroes of Shahnameh, Ibn Sina on the patient’s bed, and the love of Master Hossein Behzad. Professor Hossein Behzad was born in 1273 in Isfahan and died in 1347. He followed the miniature works of Reza Abbasi Kashani and his paintings became world famous
- The Museum of Court Weapons is located in Gholamreza Palace, which was allocated in 2011 for the storage of court weapons. Qajar pistols, old shotguns, various types of metal gunpowder, court weapons from well-known weapons factories such as Remington, Winchester, Springfield, Brno, etc. are available in this museum.
- 7- The Royal Kitchen Museum is located in the Royal Kitchen building of Saadabad Palace and in the center of the palace and next to the Jafarabad River. The area of this kitchen is 800 meters and it is known as a special kitchen. In 1975, all kitchen equipment was modernized by a German company. And acquired the latest technology in the world. Food was prepared and cooked for the royal family in this kitchen, which is now a museum.
- 8- The Omidvar Brothers Museum located in the Qajar carriage and Surchian building is one of the most attractive museums located in Saadabad Palace. In the past, it was used to rest carriages and in 2003, the Omidvar Brothers Museum was opened in this place. Isa and Abdullah Omidvar traveled to 99 countries from 1333 to 1343 for 10 years, spending 7 years on a motorcycle and 3 years in a Citroen car. They published an introduction to world cultures and civilizations and how people live in their travelogue. The Brothers of Hope became popular and global figures, and their photos, videos, and travelogues were published in the world press.
- 9- Art Museum is also located in the basement of Mellat Palace, which was initially used as a greenhouse and became a private museum of Farah Pahlavi from 1340 to 1345. At present, the works and paintings of Sohrab Sepehri, Faramarz Pilarm, Hossein Zande Rudi and works foreign artists such as Renard Buffet (France), Herbert Bayer (Austria), Fernand Lejeune (France), McAvoy (USA), Marc Chagall (France), etc. are on display.
- 10- The Museum of Fine Arts is located in the Black or White Palace. The construction of the building began in 1319 and stopped with the occupation of Iran by the Allies and was later completed during the reign of Mohammad Reza Shah and used as the court ministry building in 1346. Black stone is used in the facade of the palace and that is why the palace is named in black. The Black Palace has three floors and on each floor there is a part of the Museum of Fine Arts that has been active since 1985. The first floor of the Museum of Fine Arts is full of works by European artists of the last 400 years, as well as works by Safavid to Qajar painters. On the second floor are paintings by kings and officials, the most important of which is a painting by Fath Ali Shah Qajar.
- 11- Ustad Farshchian Museum is located in Esmat Al-Muluk Dolatshahi House, which is a Qajar building and is the residence of Reza Shah’s fourth wife, then the residence of Mohammad Reza Shah’s brother and finally the residence of the court chef in front of the royal kitchen. This building was built in 2001. It was activated as a museum for the works of Master Farshchian. Mahmoud Farshchian has an Iranian miniature style. A student of Issa Khan Bahadori from Kamal-ol-Molk’s masters and gaining experience in Europe and America, he became a master of miniature style, and now his works can be seen in the Farshchian Museum of Saadabad Palace.
- The water museum is located in the mansion of Commander Kasraian. The main building of the building is 200 meters left from the Pahlavi era and the tools and models of water exploitation and distribution in Iran are displayed in this museum.
- 13-Saadabad Museum of Royal Albums and Historical Documents is located in the Imperial Guard building of Saadabad Palace. Arrivals and presence of different personalities in Saadabad Palace and various activities in this palace, in this museum, you will get acquainted with photo albums, documents, documents and films from the Pahlavi era in this palace.
- 14- The Museum of Royal Tableware is located in Ashraf Palace, which was built by Reza Shah Pahlavi in 1318 for Ashraf, the twin sister of Mohammad Reza Shah. The interior of Ashraf Palace is decorated by French designers with wood and fabric, and the exterior is made of marble. It is decorated. In 2009, the Museum of Royal Tableware was activated with 500 pieces of satellite dishes from famous factories such as Sur and Limoges of France, Bavaria and Rosenthal of Germany.
- 15- Saadabad Palace Royal Car Museum in Tehran started working in 2012 by collecting and displaying cars of the Pahlavi era in one of the greenhouses of Saadabad Palace. One of the most important cars of this museum is the car of Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi, which is a Mercedes-Benz 600 with a body and bulletproof glass, hydraulic and sunroof height adjustment system and weighs 6 tons. Also, Mercedes-Benz SL 300 Queen Farah Diba is one of the rare cars. This is a museum. Three Rolls-Royce vehicles and several other vehicles are also visible.
- The military museum is located in Shahram Palace, the son of Ashraf. This palace with an area of 3000 square meters was built by Reza Shah in 1317 for Taj Al-Muluk, the mother of Mohammad Reza Shah, but in 1352, after reconstruction, it was given to Shahram, son of Ashraf Pahlavi. The officer’s college was established by collecting military weapons and military gifts from the Qajar period onwards, as well as army insignia, etc., and after the revolution in 1983, it was moved to Saadabad Palace. Currently, the military museum of Saadabad Palace in Tehran cannot be visited.