The city of Yazd is one of the most historic cities in Iran, because the history of Iranian art and architecture, as well as the traditional and desert texture can be seen in place of this warm and beautiful region. It is almost pointless to travel to different cities of Iran without traveling and visiting the city of Yazd, because the museums of Yazd and the sights of Yazd are among the tourist areas that annually attract foreign tourists to their desert and beautiful attractions.
Anthropological Museum of Abarkooh or Solat Yazdi House
The Abarkooh Anthropological Museum or the House of Solat Yazd belongs to the Zandieh and Qajar eras and is one of the nationally registered Iranian monuments among the museums of Yazd. In fact, Solat House was the residence of one of the Abarkooh houses named Mr. Solat, and for this reason, this anthropological museum is also called Solat House.
The architecture of Solat House, like most of the buildings on the central plateau of Iran, is introverted, meaning that when you go to the courtyard, you have to go through the porch (brick) of the house to reach a corridor adorned with a tall rectangular tower. And now in the center of the house you can see the pleasant courtyard of Solat House.
The Abarkooh Anthropology Museum houses artifacts from the patriarchal, Safavid and Qajar eras, even the oldest of which date back to the early Islamic period. Things you will find in this museum include anthropological items, tools and clothing related to prehistoric professions, lighting and bathroom fixtures, all kinds of engraved stones, all kinds of chamotte jars and utensils, all kinds of old coins, old copies of some books, hunting and agricultural tools and Also jewelry and all kinds of ornaments and so on.
Bafgh Anthropology Museum (Vahshi Bafghi House), one of the most poetic museums in Yazd
Bafgh Anthropology Museum of Yazd or Vahshi Bafghi House is another museum in Yazd that has many visitors every year because in fact this anthropological museum is the main home of Vahshi Bafghi, the famous poet of the tenth lunar century who wrote the poem “Farhad and Shirin”. Been.
The architecture of this relatively small and poetic house in Yazd, which dates back to Safavid times, is made of clay and mud with an area of 120 square meters and has 6 small four-season rooms, all of which overlook the large porch of the house. Bafghi Vahshi life also has a basement that used to be used as a cool place and provided access to the running water that flowed there.
Bafgh Anthropological Museum includes historical works such as old jewelry, traditional medicine and perfumery, agricultural tools, weaving and forging, pottery and metal utensils, lighting accessories, as well as local clothes, handicrafts and souvenirs of Yazd. This spectacular and historical place, like the museums of Yazd, is registered in the list of national monuments of Iran.
Heidarzadeh Coin and Anthropology Museum, Yazd Money Hall
In one of the oldest neighborhoods of Yazd, the Heidarzadeh Museum of Coins and Anthropology is located in the Arabzadeh House of the Fahadan neighborhood. The area of this house is 800 square meters, which has a Qajri history. The works of this museum have been collected during the years 1335 to 1383 by the efforts of Hossein Heidarzadeh, who was one of the prominent professors of numismatics, and have been exhibited in 10 halls with a large hall between rooms 3 and 5.
The architecture of the Heidarzadeh Museum of Coins and Anthropology is Qajar in style, such as Islamic plasterwork and motifs, and the space is decorated with inscriptions of Karbala religious poems and wooden treasures.
In the Yazd Coin Museum, 5,000 gold, silver, copper and brass coins are kept, which belong to pre-Islamic, Islamic and contemporary historical periods. Old banknotes from the time of Nasser al-Din Shah can still be seen in this museum.
Heidarzadeh Museum of Coins and Anthropology, which is one of the most famous museums in Yazd, has placed a variety of anthropological, cultural and historical items of Iran and Yazd for public viewing. Thousands of treasures and anthropological objects from 42 historical periods from the Achaemenid period to the present day, jewelry, rosaries and documents and manuscripts are kept in this museum
Museum of Culture and Ancient Iran of Yazd, Markar Museum
Among the list of Yazd museums, one of the most spectacular is the Museum of Culture and Ancient Iran or the Markar Museum of Yazd. Now why Markar? The Markar Museum is in fact a mirror of the history, culture and art of the Zoroastrians of Iran. The Markar Museum is a complete collection of schools, orphanages, clock towers and the main part of the museum, which was built by a person named “Pashtun Ji Dosabai Markar”, an Indian Zoroastrian from the Pahlavi period.
The architecture of Markar Museum is very special and beautiful, so that the sunlight illuminates the interior with its maximum amount, and its interior is designed in such a way that it is cool in summer and warm in winter. The various parts of the museum have remained intact for 80 years or have only been restored in the same way. For example, the water reservoir, the aqueduct road and Pakneh (Payab) still remain the same.
At the beginning of the construction of this building, which is one of the most beautiful museums in Yazd, it was used as an orphanage, primary school, high school and dormitory for students, but the construction of the first phase of this museum was completed by Esfandiar Ekhtiari in 2015. In the Museum of Culture and Ancient Iran of Yazd, you can get acquainted with the old accessories of Zoroastrian houses, the clothing of Zoroastrian men and women, Zoroastrian rituals and ceremonies. The most interesting part of the Markar Museum is the kitchen at the end of the building, which uses old and traditional Zoroastrian utensils.
Yazd stone treasure, the land of precious stones
When you visit the city of Yazd and plan to visit a museum, the good thing is that among the list of museums in this city, many museums are located in the vicinity. Now, one of the most enchanting museums in Yazd is the Yazd stone treasure, which if you are interested in ornamental, antique and very eye-catching stones, is the best place to relax your eyes and get acquainted with the world of stones.
Yazd Stone Museum was established in 1397 by Mr. Ardani and is the first specialized museum of precious and special stones in Yazd province. It is interesting to know that all the stones of this museum have been extracted from Yazd province, and in view of the richness of this city from special mines and stones, this treasure may not be available anywhere else.
Yazd stone treasure includes various types of amethyst, Abolon oyster, Verphonite, jasper, agate, turquoise, jade and even meteorite stones, etc. that you can visit.
In addition to the museums of Yazd, the sightseeing and tourist places of this city such as Zoroastrian fire temple and Wazir mill and Dolatabad garden, etc. are one of the most popular tourist destinations in Iran. It is almost impossible for anyone to regret traveling to Yazd!
You can also travel to this city in autumn and winter so that the desert heat does not bother you. But if you do not have a problem with the heat, when traveling in spring and summer, you can enjoy the lush gardens of Yazd in the warmth of the desert soil.